This special edition of The Journal of Occupational Health and Safety Australia and New Zealand, volume 18, number 6, December 2002 is a sequel to "Lessons from Longford". It is an in-depth account of the Royal Commission findings from the Esso gas plant explosion in 1998. Many significant events have unfolded including both civil and criminal court action and changes to the law. This account examines these changes and the first ever OHS trial to be held in a Supreme Court. The report addresses a number of questions, including: Why did the Judge say so emphatically "What happened was no mere accident"?; Are OHS offences crimes?; How effective was Esso's defence strategy?; What does "practicably preventable" mean?; Why did Esso not blame its control room operators at the trial, when it had blamed them at the Royal Commission?; Did the trial produce any new findings about the causes of the disaster?; and Would Esso have been at risk of conviction under the corporate manslaughter legislation which was proposed for Victoria?.