Introduces students to the basic principles of ethical research with human participants from (a) the development of ideas and testable hypotheses, to (b) the selection of appropriate methods of measurement and data collection, to (c) the design and implementation of empirical research, to (d) the statistical analysis and interpretation of results, and finally, to (e) the reporting of findings and conclusions. The authors emphasise good research, empirical reasoning, and the continuity of psychological science in the continuing cycle of discovery and understanding.
Contents: Pt. I. Getting started -- 1. Behavioral research and the scientific method -- 2. From hunches to testable hypotheses -- 3. Ethical considerations and guidelines -- Pt. II. Observation and measurement -- 4. Methods of systematic observation -- 5. Methods for looking within ourselves -- 6. Reliability and validity in measurement and research -- Pt. III. Design and implementation -- 7. Randomised experiments and causal inference -- 8. Nonrandomised research and causal reasoning -- 9. Survey research and subject recruitment -- Pt. IV. Describing data and drawing inferences -- 10. Summarising the data -- 11. Correlating variables -- 12. Understanding values and effect size indicators -- Pt. V. Statistical tests -- 13. The comparison of two conditions -- 14. Comparisons of more than two conditions -- 15. The analysis of frequency tables.