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[ARCHIVED] Understanding accident phenomena [online] - 'The damage occurrence' - qualitatively and quantitatively.

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Internet only - free access
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Safety and health at work : international conference (Adelaide : 10 - 14 August, 1986)
Year:
1986
Type:
Electronic resource
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Abstract:
Publications previously produced by SafeWork SA and ReturnToWorkSA (previously WorkCoverSA) are made available online via this Library catalogue for research purposes only. This title may reference superseded South Australian legislation, include links to web pages that have moved or no longer exist, or may refer to other documents that are no longer available. 
After discussing difficulties with accident definitions the concept of damaging occurrence is introduced. Essential factors found in such occurrences are defined and illustrated. The examples show the importance of using non—emotive terminology and that contribution and controllability are the only relevant judgements. The importance of considering controllability in both the short and long term and within the organisation or nation is stressed. A variety of accident models is mentioned briefly to indicate their need. Terminology is introduced to describe damaging occurrences which permanently or temporarily alter or simply inconvenience the person's future. Current reported figures are used to illustrate the absence of quantification of permanently altering occurrences. Impairment and disability are defined. The use of impairment as an aid to quantification is advocated and illustrated in relation to Queensland experience. The need for a more accurate evaluation is emphasised. The implication that "permanently altering" occurrences account for two—thirds of the total damage; calls for different approaches and emphasises the need for prediction.
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