This textbook details vocational rehabilitation (VR). The first part is dedicated to the definition and to the influence of psychological aspects on successful vocational rehabilitation. Thereafter, the methods of evaluation as well as an analyse of efficacy are presented. Finally the effectiveness of vocational rehabilitation in some clinical conditions is detailed. The second part of this textbook is dedicated to the description of the organisation of vocational rehabilitation in different countries of the European Community, i.e. institutions which are responsible for decisions, payments and strategy related to this subject.