This report provides quantitative estimates of the economic and social costs of occupational disease and injury in New Zealand.
Access Economics was commissioned by the National Occupational Health and Safety Advisory Committee (NOHSAC) to provide quantitative estimates of the economic and social costs of occupational disease and injury in New Zealand, drawing on information contained with the NOHSAC report The burden of occupational disease and injury in New Zealand: Technical Report.
The structure of the report was agreed in consultation with NOHSAC and aims to highlight knowledge gaps as well as what is known. Methodological specifications for the project included the following.
Use of an 'incidence approach' to measure new cases of occupational disease and injury in a jointly determined reference year, or a prevalence approach if an incidence approach proved too difficult.
Examination of a matrix of economic and social costs, taking into account:
- severity of the disease or injury, distinguishing fatalities, permanent incapacitation and at least three other categories of less severe incidents
- 'direct' and 'indirect' costs, including compensated costs, medical and rehabilitation costs, investigation costs and fines, lost productivity from current and future earnings, and other costs of assistance
- estimates of pain, suffering and early death, using internationally accepted measurement methods.
Presentation of estimates by:
- gender, ethnicity and age groups
- disease and injury type.
dentification and description of appropriate methodologies, review of relevant literature and consultation with relevant agencies and organisations, including consideration of existing reports and reviews describing
the economic and social costs of occupational disease and injury in New Zealand.
Discussion of limitations of the costing analysis.