Consists of a comprehensive review of the literature pertaining to the OHS outcomes of employing casual workers. The publications included in this review are journal articles from the relevant fields of medicine/health, industrial relations/management, psychology, safety science/accident prevention and the social sciences. An earlier review of the available literature by Quinlan, Mayhew & Bohle (2001) formed the starting point for this report. Also examined were relevant policy documents, agency and government reports and inquiries. A number of key findings are presented as well as a number of recommendations for employers of casual workers.